Savings and Investments from Newcastle Independent Financial Advisers

Amethyst IFA

83 Howard Street
North Shields
Tyne and Wear  NE30 1AF

0191 257 6704 0191 257 6256 Mon - Thurs 9am to 5pm
Friday - 9am to 4:30pm

Unit Trusts

Investing in Unit Trusts

Unit Trusts are a common type of collective investment.

A unit trust is a large fund of monies and/or investments pooled together and controlled by trustees with the aim of gaining capital appreciation, income, or both.

Unit Trusts are made up of 'units'. Each unit will have both a buying price and a selling price. The difference in these prices includes the fund management charges. The number of units held, multiplied by the current price, gives the current value of an investors holding.

These investments are open ended, which means that units are created every time an investor puts money into the fund, and liquidated when they withdraw money, so that the fund can react to demand and continually grow through prosperous periods.

Investors can then enjoy the benefits of larger investments including discounts, however during periods of poorer performance, the fund may need to sell assets to enable investors to withdraw their monies, so the fund size is reduced.

Levels and bases of and reliefs from taxation are subject to change and their value depends on the individual circumstances of the investor.

The value of investments and the income from them may go down. you may not get back the original amount invested.

The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate taxation advice. We are entered on the Financial Services register No 623925

OEICs

Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs)

An OEIC works in a very similar way to a unit trust except that an OEIC is legally constituted as a limited company (Plc). OEICS have been operating outside the UK for some time, but only since 1997 has it been possible to operate an OEIC in the UK.

OEICS are not trusts and do not therefore have a trustee. Instead, however, they have a depository which holds the securities, and has similar duties to a unit trust trustee.

Most OEICS operate as umbrella funds which means that the OEIC is authorised and then can set up sub-funds without gaining individual authorisation for individual sub-funds. Each sub-fund has different investment aims, e.g. a sub-fund may specialise in the shares of small companies or in a particular country, e.g. the USA. Each sub-fund can also have different charges and minimum and maximum investments. Unit trusts are allowed to do this too, but few do.

Most OEICS only have one unit price and the initial charge is added as an extra. Unit trusts always have two prices, the lower or bid price is what you get when you sell back to the managers; the higher or offer price is what you have to pay when you buy.

Levels and bases of and reliefs from taxation are subject to change and their value depends on the individual circumstances of the investor.

The value of investments and the income from them may go down. you may not get back the original amount invested.

The Financial Conduct Authority does not regulate taxation advice. We are entered on the Financial Services register No 623925

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amethyst IFA Paul Richardson Alan Dennett Malcolm Butters Liz MacBride Keith Wilkinson Stephen Anderson Karen Chapman